Conditions of Sale: Online Sales


 

IMPORTANT AND LEGALLY BINDING RULES APPLICABLE TO THIS SALE. PLEASE READ.

FIRST

THESE CONDITIONS GOVERN THIS SALE: This sale is governed by these Conditions of Sale and by all announcements online or otherwise (“Announcements”). All Sellers, Consignors, Agents, owners, prospective bidders/Purchasers, all other interested parties and all sales are therefore bound by and subject to the provisions of the Conditions of Sale as set forth in this catalogue on [keeneland.com/digitalsales] and Announcements.

Presale Exam: All prospective bidders/Purchasers are urged to carefully examine horses in which they may be interested (personally and/or by agents or veterinarians of their choosing) BEFORE bidding, and as required by Condition TWENTY-FIRST, as they are accepting any horse purchased with any and all faults, including all conditions and defects, except for applicable limited warranties set out in Conditions NINTH through FOURTEENTH, SEVENTEENTH and TWENTY-FIRST through TWENTY-SECOND. In all other respects the AS IS nature of this sale remains in full force and effect.  All prospective bidders/Purchasers acknowledge presale exams may be conducted by physically viewing the horse, if available, by video, by photos, or through an agent.  All prospective bidders/Purchasers further acknowledge that if the presale exam is insufficient as determined in the sole discretion of the prospective bidder/Purchaser, said prospective bidder/Purchaser shall not bid on the horse.

Conformation Surgeries: Horses in this sale may have been subject to surgery(ies) designed to affect permanent changes in physical makeup, which includes, without limitation, transphyseal bridge, periosteal transsection, manipulation and elevation (“Surgeries”). Nondisclosure of such Surgery(ies) shall not be grounds for Rejection (as hereinafter defined) of sale. Should a Purchaser deem this information material, Purchaser should request from Consignor whether such Surgery(ies) has or have been performed and Consignor shall be obligated to respond truthfully to his or her best knowledge, information and belief.

Agent: All prospective Purchasers who utilize Agents are further urged to reach an agreement with the Agent concerning the Agent’s apparent or real conflicts of interest and disclosure of the Agent’s compensation, if any, from whatever sources, directly or indirectly, relating to or arising out of, the Agent’s services. KRS 230.357 makes it unlawful to receive money or any item of value in excess of $500.00 in connection with the sale or purchase of a horse except with full disclosure and written consent of both Purchaser and Seller; provided, however, this prohibition shall not be applicable where the Agent is acting solely for and compensated solely by his Principal.

Code of Conduct: The Code of Conduct governing participants in the sale is set forth in this sales catalogue on keeneland.com/digitalsales , and is hereby incorporated by reference and made a part of these Conditions of Sale.

Endoscopic Examination: Conditions revealed by post-sale laryngoscopic examinations for which Rejection is allowed are ONLY as set forth in Condition TENTH. There are other conditions which may be revealed by that examination or other examinations which may affect the desirability of purchasing the horse but which are not grounds for Rejection.

Private Agreements: In the event Seller and/or Consignor makes arrangements with prospective bidders/Purchasers prior to sale which differ from these Conditions, Keeneland shall have no responsibility in regard to any such agreements, and the enforcement thereof shall be the responsibility of the parties to the agreement; provided, however, a change in ownership of a horse in this sale within two (2) days of the sale must be disclosed by the Seller and/or Consignor to Keeneland in writing, and in that event, may be sold, with an Announcement by the Auctioneer disclosing that a change in ownership has occurred.

Privacy Notice: Notice is hereby given to all participants at Keeneland Sales that Keeneland may record any or all portions of Keeneland’s sales by video, audio or other means, which may be used by Keeneland in its sole discretion.

SECOND

BIDDING/DISCLOSURE: In accordance with KRS 330.210 and 355.2-328(4) and other applicable laws, the right to bid in this sale is reserved for all Sellers, including their disclosed and undisclosed Agents, unless otherwise announced at time of sale. Purchasers therefore agree and acknowledge that Sellers have the right to set reserves implemented by the auctioneer upon horses so entered which are not disclosed to Purchasers and also have the right to conduct by-bidding as related to their entries. Sales results reported by Keeneland may or may not reflect the fair market value of any horse(s) going through Keeneland’s sale as, among other reasons, Consignors may inform Keeneland after the sale concerning horses that may have been initially reported as a sale(s) which are, in fact, not a sale.

THIRD

RESOLUTION OF BIDDING DISPUTES: Should any dispute arise between or among two or more bidders, Keeneland shall forthwith adjudicate the dispute, and its decision shall be absolute, final, and binding on all parties. Bids received after the sale has closed are not grounds for dispute. In case of any dispute, advance bidding shall be restricted to the contending parties, but should the recognized bid from the contending parties be reduced below the bid at commencement of dispute, then the bidding shall be reopened to all bidders, and the final bid therefrom shall stand, regardless of whether the final bid exceeds the bid which was disputed. The bid recognized at the conclusion of any bidding dispute shall be deemed the sale price and Consignor shall not be entitled to any amount over the sale price. Keeneland reserves the right to reject any or all bids, in its sole discretion. In the event that the Seller, Consignor (or his Agent) bids in his own horse (RNA), then Consignor shall so notify Keeneland within thirty (30) minutes of conclusion of that sales session. In the event the bidder who had the highest and last bid at the close of the sale or refuses to pay the purchase price within two (2) business days following the day of the sale, Keeneland may elect at its sole discretion, to either re-enter the horse at the same or next available sales session, or withdraw the horse entirely from the sale. Keeneland reserves the right to bring suit against said bidder for the amount of the sale price (or any deficiency if resold), plus any other damages or may, in its sole discretion, assign such right to the Consignor, in which event Keeneland shall have no further obligation arising out of the subject horse being entered and going through the auction process at Keeneland. Further, Seller, Consignor and bidder agree to hold Keeneland and its owners, directors, officers, employees, service providers, independent contractors, agents and representatives (collectively, the “Keeneland Parties”), harmless for any deficiency or loss incurred by any of them resulting from such action.

FOURTH

MISSED RESERVES: Keeneland shall use its best efforts to adhere to reserves properly and timely placed (in accordance with time limits and other requirements established by Keeneland) with Keeneland. In the event a horse is sold to a Purchaser for less than the reserve, Keeneland’s liability shall be limited to paying the Consignor an amount not to exceed the reserve less the commission charged on the sale. In the event a horse is sold with a reserve higher than that placed by the Consignor (including, without limitation, a reserve placed on a horse when none was directed by the Consignor), the horse if not sold to a Purchaser, at the option of Consignor, may be re-offered for sale, and Seller, Consignor and Keeneland agree that Keeneland shall waive all of its commission, including any entry fees paid, as liquidated damages and neither party shall have any other rights, claims or obligations to the other arising out of the reserve error.

FIFTH

PASSING OF TITLE; RISK OF LOSS; DELIVERY: Except as provided in this Condition FIFTH and Condition ELEVENTH, title and risk of loss pass to the Purchaser at the close of the sale, at which time Purchaser shall be responsible for the care, custody, control and security for the horse and for all expenses relating thereto. However, for horses which are not being sold for breeding purposes only and which are being shipped immediately out of state (and thus in interstate commerce) (herein “Racing Prospects”), title, risk of loss and possession shall remain with the Consignor until the horse(s) is delivered to a licensed interstate common carrier (or its duly authorized representative/employee) to be hired by Keeneland, at which time title, risk of loss and possession shall pass to the Purchaser.

Indemnity Regarding Care of Horses. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree to release, defend, indemnify and hold Keeneland, and the owners and/or operators of the facilities and their directors, officers, employees, service providers, independent contractors, agents and representatives, harmless from all losses, damages, expenses, claims, causes of action and/or attorneys’ fees arising out of or related to the possession, care, custody, control or maintenance of any horse either sold or purchased by them, including, but not limited to, any claims arising out of injuries or damage caused by the horse. The horse will be held for Purchaser by Consignor until Purchaser makes settlement as provided at Condition SIXTH below and arrangements for delivery of the horse to Purchaser are made.  

The purchaser shall, in the absence of other arrangements with Keeneland or Consignor, take delivery of the lot within twenty four (24) hours of the close of the sale. Stable Release. Upon settlement by Purchaser, the horse will be delivered by means of a “stable release” provided by Keeneland to Purchaser or his representative. Purchaser or his representative shall present a “stable release” to designee of Keeneland in order to be permitted to remove any horse from the location of the horse when sold; but in any case taking possession of the horse by Purchaser, agent or his representative shall constitute delivery and acceptance, except for Racing Prospects in which case delivery and acceptance shall take place only after Keeneland has delivered said Racing Prospects to a licensed interstate common carrier (or its duly authorized representative/employee). Unless other arrangements have been made with Consignor and Keeneland, Purchaser shall ensure all horses are removed promptly from the location of the horse when sold within twenty-four (24) horse after the sale. Should Purchaser fail to remove the horse(s) within such period, Keeneland may make arrangements for the horse(s) (including without limitation removing the horse(s) from the location of the horse when sold) at Purchaser’s risk and expense or, including charging the Purchaser for stable space. In the case of Racing Prospects, Purchaser shall provide Keeneland with instructions regarding the destination of the horse(s), which shall be shipped by an interstate common carrier promptly after the sale of the horse(s) and in any event not later than 24 hours thereafter. In the case of Racing Prospects, Purchaser shall reimburse Keeneland for costs of and relating to transport upon invoice.

SIXTH

TERMS FOR PAYMENT/CREDIT: Purchaser shall make payment to Keeneland in all cases. Purchaser shall make payment for the full purchase price (which shall include any sales tax which may be due and owing as determined by Keeneland or as may be later determined by the taxing authority  with jurisdiction over the sale upon audit) for each horse purchased as may be required by Keeneland and not later than two (2) business days following the day of the sale, such payment to be in the form of U.S. currency by wire transfer or approved bank check, certified check, or traveler’s check.

Keeneland reserves the right exercisable by Keeneland in its sole and exclusive discretion, which shall be final and binding upon all parties, to (1) refuse to extend credit to Purchasers who have unpaid accounts for previous Keeneland or other sales, and/or (2) refuse the opportunity to bid or refuse to accept the bid of a Purchaser who has an unpaid account from a previous sale, or who has not established his credit with Keeneland, or established to the reasonable satisfaction of Keeneland that payment will be made as required by Keeneland, and/or (3) require either collected funds be on deposit with Keeneland or, an irrevocable Letter of Credit acceptable to Keeneland, prior to accepting any bid(s). Bidders are cautioned that the fact that they may have been extended credit at a prior sale does not necessarily mean that they automatically have credit at this sale and future sales. Keeneland further retains the right to demand re-establishment of credit for any previous Keeneland Purchaser prior to their bidding in this sale. Keeneland further reserves the right, in its sole and exclusive discretion, at any time and for any reason (except race, sex, color, or creed), to revoke any credit previously established and to therefore refuse to accept the bid(s) of a Purchaser who has not established prior to his bid(s), that payment will be made in full within sixty (60) minutes from the close of the sale. All Purchasers shall pay the purchase price for the horse(s) within(2) business days following the day of the sale.

Any Purchaser who has purchased a horse grants to Keeneland a “Security Interest” in all horses purchased and their Jockey Club certificate(s) of registration (including without limitation digital certificate(s)) and in any products and proceeds thereof, to secure payment of any outstanding sums owed to Keeneland on the Purchaser’s account. Keeneland may, in its sole and exclusive discretion, elect to make full or partial settlement with Consignor despite a default by Purchaser. SUCH ELECTION(S) BY KEENELAND TO PAY THE CONSIGNOR SHALL NOT CONSTITUTE A WAIVER, NOR ESTABLISH A CUSTOM AND SHALL NOT ABROGATE KEENELAND’S RIGHT TO WITHHOLD SETTLEMENT FROM CONSIGNOR IN ANY OTHER CASE WHERE THE PURCHASER HAS DEFAULTED. In no case shall any part of the purchase money be paid directly to the Consignor by the Purchaser unless otherwise agreed to, in writing, by Consignor, Purchaser and Keeneland. Such payment will not be regarded as valid and will not entitle the Purchaser to obtain the horses so purchased in this manner. On final settlement for a horse, or the approval of the Purchaser’s credit by Keeneland, Keeneland will issue a “stable release” which must be presented by the Purchaser to the stable manager for delivery of the horse as provided in Condition FIFTH. 

SEVENTH

DEFAULTERS: In the event any Purchaser fails to pay the purchase price within two (2) business days following the day of the sale, then the Purchaser shall be deemed a defaulter (“Defaulter”) and Keeneland shall notify the Consignor of the default upon discovery of the Defaulter. The Consignor of the horse for which the purchase price is not paid has the option of (1) extending credit to the Purchaser and accepting all risk therefor; OR (2) voiding the sale, and requesting the horse be re-offered; OR (3) retaining ownership of the horse. Consignor must decide which of the three foregoing options it elects within two (2) hours of notice to the Consignor by Keeneland of non-payment. If the Consignor fails to make its election within said two (2) hours, the horse, in Keeneland’s sole discretion, may be re-entered in the next available sales session (whether digital or live), and then be sold with the prior attempted sale to the Defaulter being voidable by Keeneland, which shall be binding on all parties. In the event Keeneland, in its sole discretion, determines it is not practicable or advisable to resell the horse during the same sales session, then the horse may be resold by Keeneland at public or private sale, including on any subsequent day or sales session of the sale in question, without prior notice, for the Defaulter’s account, costs of such sale and attorneys’ fees to be borne by the Defaulter. Any deficiency owed by Defaulter resulting from resale on account of any default which is not collected from the Defaulter shall be borne by the Consignor, and Keeneland shall have no responsibility therefore.  If Keeneland determines it is not feasible to re-offer the horse for sale, Keeneland shall have the right to bring suit against the Defaulter and/or to repossess the horse and its registration papers and in connection therewith, Keeneland shall be entitled to the recovery of its costs, including without limitation all reasonable attorneys’ fees, from the Defaulter.  Any horse purchased by a Defaulter may be resold by Keeneland at public or private sale, without prior notice, for the Defaulter’s account, costs of such sale to be borne by the Defaulter. FURTHER, THE DEFAULTER SHALL BE LIABLE FOR A DELINQUENCY OR LATE CHARGE AT THE RATE OF ONE AND ONE-HALF PERCENT (1-1/2%) PER MONTH ON THE UNPAID PURCHASE FROM THE DATE OF SALE UNTIL PAID, COMPOUNDED MONTHLY. Should such resale fail to satisfy the Defaulter’s account in full, Defaulter shall be responsible for any such deficiency balance and shall pay Keeneland the amount owing, including late charges, all reasonable attorneys’ fees, costs of such litigation and any other damages available to Keeneland by law, including reimbursement for all expenses in caring for and insuring said horse.

EIGHTH

WARRANTY DISCLAIMER: OTHER THAN THOSE LIMITED WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY STATED IN THESE CONDITIONS OF SALE OR UNLESS OTHERWISE EXPRESSLY ANNOUNCED AT TIME OF SALE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR GUARANTEE OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY KEENELAND, SELLER, AND/OR OR CONSIGNOR AS TO THE SOUNDNESS, CONDITION, WIND OR OTHER QUALITY OF ANY HORSE SOLD IN THIS SALE. THERE IS NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY KEENELAND, SELLER AND/OR CONSIGNOR, EXCEPT AS SPECIFICALLY SET FORTH HEREIN, AS TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY HORSE OFFERED IN THIS SALE. SUBJECT TO THE LIMITED WARRANTIES STATED HEREIN, ALL SALES ARE MADE ON AN “AS IS” BASIS, WITH ALL FAULTS AND DEFECTS. OTHER THAN FAILURE TO SATISFY THE EXPRESSLY LIMITED WARRANTED CONDITIONS LISTED BELOW, NO OTHER DEFECTS SHALL CONSTITUTE A NONCONFORMITY, SUBSTANTIAL OR OTHERWISE, WITH THE TERMS OF THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/CONTRACT.

NINTH

Limited Warranties: The following conditions of a horse must be so announced at time of sale: (a) any horse that is either a cribber, or (b) any horse that is sold in this sale after July 1 of his yearling year and is a cryptorchid (ridgling), a bilateral cryptorchid, or a gelding. A cryptorchid (ridgling) is defined as a colt which does not have both testes palpable in the entirety below the external inguinal ring, and includes a colt that has had one testicle removed. A bilateral cryptorchid is defined as a colt which does not have any testes palpable in the entirety below the external inguinal ring.  A gelding is a horse that has had both testes surgically removed.  The following conditions of a horse must be so disclosed by placing a veterinary certificate in the Repository (see Condition TWENTY-FIRST) on a timely basis as required by Keeneland, reasonably disclosing that one or more of the following conditions are applicable OR in lieu thereof must be so announced at time of sale: all horses that (i) possess any deviation from the norm in the eyes; (ii) are a “wobbler” (defined as a horse which suffers from a neurological disease caused by compression of the spinal cord and resulting in lack of balance and coordination) and/or have undergone any corrective surgery related thereto; (iii) are two years of age or less and have undergone (a) invasive joint surgery, or (b) surgical intervention of the upper respiratory tract; (iv) have undergone abdominal surgery of any type that occurred in the last two (2) calendar years preceding the day of sale and any resection of an abdominal organ (partial or complete) at any time except to repair a ruptured bladder in a newborn foal; or (v) have been nerved.

Any horse whose condition is as aforesaid and is not so announced or disclosed as required above will be subject to return to Consignor with refund of purchase price, provided that Keeneland is so notified in writing by veterinary certificate, of such condition and the rejection or revocation of acceptance of the horse (“Rejection”) on the above grounds shall meet the time requirements and process set forth herein. In addition, any horse which has been subjected to Prohibited Practice(s) (as hereafter defined) shall be subject to Rejection, provided that Keeneland is so notified in writing by veterinary certificate of the Prohibited Practice to which the horse was subjected and such Rejection shall meet the time requirements set forth herein.

Consignor shall have the sole responsibility concerning the accuracy of the disclosure/announcements of the condition of any horse as aforesaid and required above, and Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to such announcements/disclosures and each agrees to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred relating to such announcements/disclosures and any claims resulting therefrom. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser further agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to Prohibited Practices (hereafter defined) and each agrees to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred with respect to Prohibited Practices (as hereafter defined). Except as otherwise expressly provided in these Conditions of Sale, in the event of any Rejection under these Conditions of Sale, Consignor shall (i) refund the purchase price to Purchaser together with any proper and reasonable expenses incurred by Keeneland including interest at the rate of 12% per annum, and (ii) pay Keeneland’s entry fees and commission as if the sale had been final.

Prohibited Practices are:

Shockwave Therapy in any form within seven (7) days of the sale.  

Acupuncture and/or Electro-Stimulation with the intent of altering laryngeal function within seven (7) days of the sale. 

Electrical devices designed or used to increase the speed of a horse within fourteen (14) days of the sale.  

Any invasive practice which intentionally conceals a material defect or chronic lameness.

Internal blister or other injections to the knee intended to have the effect of concealing the true

conformation of the horse.

Time Requirements: The physical condition of horses is subject to material change on a daily basis. Time is of the essence. Failure to strictly comply with the notice requirements hereafter set out shall operate to disallow the protection of the applicable limited warranty in favor of Purchasers. The time requirements for Rejection for each of the limited warranties herein and as set forth in subparagraphs (i) through (v) and Prohibited Practices stated above are:

(A) 3 days from the end of the sale at which the horse in question was sold for cribbers, misdescription as a colt/cryptorchid/gelding, deviation from the norm in the eyes, wobblers or Prohibited Practices.

(B) 10 days from the day of sale at which the horse in question was sold in the case of surgeries as described in paragraphs (iii), (iv) and (v) above.

Notice Requirements for Rejection: Purchaser may avail himself of the remedy of Rejection as a result of the breach of the above limited warranties only upon complying with the following: (i) written statement from Purchaser notifying Keeneland of its intent to elect Rejection must be received by Keeneland within the time period prescribed herein; (ii) delivery of a veterinary certificate stating such veterinarian’s opinion that the horse in question has not met one or more of the above limited warranties within the time period prescribed herein. If Consignor disagrees with Purchaser’s veterinary certificate, Consignor must, within 24 hours of receiving notice of Purchaser’s veterinary certificate, supply a veterinary certificate stating that the horse does comply with the limited warranty in question. In the event of conflicting certificates, Keeneland shall appoint a third veterinarian whose certificate in these circumstances shall be binding upon Seller, Consignor, Purchaser and all other parties absent fraud or bad faith. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser acknowledge that having Keeneland appoint the third veterinarian is fair and reasonable to each of them.

TENTH

UPPER RESPIRATORY LARYNGOSCOPIC EVALUATIONS (EXCLUSIVE OF THE TRACHEA):

Post Sale Endoscopic Examination

Notwithstanding any prior custom and usage of the trade, horses which have not raced and which are sold as racing prospects in this sale after July 1 of his/her yearling year, at the election of Purchaser, shall be subject to a post-sale upper respiratory laryngoscopic evaluation (excluding the trachea) through a veterinarian specializing in equine practice of Purchaser’s choosing within twenty-four (24) hours from the end of the session in which the horse in question was auctioned and prior to the horse leaving the grounds where the horse was located when sold.

Negative/Positive Certificate

If the Purchaser’s veterinarian is of the opinion that the horse has: (i) laryngeal hemiplegia (consistent immobility or inability to fully abduct the arytenoid cartilage), (ii) rostral displacement of the palatopharyngeal arch, (iii) epiglottic entrapment, (iv) permanent dorsal displacement of the soft palate, (v) chondroma or severe arytenoid chondritis, (vi) subepiglottic cyst(s) or (vii) cleft palate (“Negative Certificate”), then Purchaser shall so notify Keeneland, in writing, within twenty-four (24) hours from end of the session in which the horse in question was auctioned and prior to the horse leaving Keeneland the grounds where the horse was located when sold, and shall further furnish Keeneland within that time period with a copy of the Negative Certificate. Keeneland shall, as soon as practicable thereafter, notify Consignor. Consignor shall either accept Rejection of the sale or deliver to Keeneland his veterinarian’s certificate contrary to that of Purchaser (“Positive Certificate”). Upon receipt of a Positive Certificate, which must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours of Consignor’s receipt of the Negative Certificate, Consignor and Purchaser or their representatives shall meet, for purposes of selecting a Panel of three veterinarians. The Panel shall be determined as set out in this Condition TENTH. The Panel shall determine whether the horse has one or more of the conditions set forth herein, and in that event the sale shall be cancelled. Otherwise, the sale shall stand. The decision of the Panel shall be final, binding and conclusive on all parties, absent fraud or bad faith. If the Panel is not unanimous, a majority vote shall be determinative.

Dispute Resolution

For purposes of resolving issues arising out of Conditions TENTH and TWELFTH, a Panel of three (3) veterinarians shall be selected. Keeneland shall provide Consignor and Purchaser (or their representatives) with a list of not less than five (5) veterinarians. Consignor shall have the first strike of the veterinarian deemed most unacceptable to him, and Purchaser shall have the second strike, and they shall alternate thereafter until three (3) veterinarians remain on the list. Keeneland shall then determine if all three veterinarians can serve on the Veterinary Arbitration Panel (the “Panel”) and if not, Keeneland shall canvas the other veterinarians struck in reverse order until three are found who will serve. If three are not found, Consignor and Purchaser shall repeat the process under such conditions as Keeneland shall determine until three veterinarians are found who will serve. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser acknowledge that the selection process set out herein is fair and reasonable to each of them.

ELEVENTH

ANABOLIC ANDROGENIC STEROIDS; BRONCHODILATOR; NSAID; CORTICOSTEROID; BISPHOSPHONATES

Limited Warranties: Consignor warrants that any weanling, yearling, two-year-old and horse of racing age (which excludes all broodmares, broodmare prospects, stallions and stallion prospects that are not to be raced) entered in this sale shall not have been administered at any time any anabolic androgenic steroids (“AS”) or any broncholidator, NSAID or corticosteroid in violation of Condition THIRTEENTH of these Conditions of Sale. Consignor further warrants that any horse under four years old entered in the sale shall not have been administered at any time any bisphosphonate.  AS, bisphosphonate, and the administration of a bronchodilator, NSAID or corticosteroid in violation of Condition THIRTEENTH of these Conditions of Sale shall be referenced in this Condition ELEVENTH as “Medication”.

In order for Purchaser to avail himself of either limited warranty he must check the appropriate box on the Acknowledgment of Purchase and Security Agreement for the horse at the time of sale directing Keeneland to have a blood, urine and/or hair sample taken. Purchaser agrees to pay $1,000.00 per test to Keeneland to cover direct costs and administrative expenses in regard to testing the blood, urine and/or hair sample. Keeneland will then arrange for a blood, urine and/or hair sample to be taken by a veterinarian selected by Keeneland prior to the horse leaving the grounds where the horse was located when sold, which sample shall be sent to a laboratory selected by Keeneland for testing for Medication, as noted on the Purchase and Security Agreement. Consignor hereby consents to a blood, urine or hair sample being taken. Should the post-sale test reveal the presence of Medication at such level as is deemed by the testing laboratory to show that Medication has/have entered the system of the horse at any time prior to the sale of the horse in violation of these Conditions of Sale (“Positive Test”), Purchaser shall have the right of Rejection, which right must be exercised by Purchaser giving notice to Keeneland in writing within 24 hours of Purchaser’s receipt of the results indicating a Positive Test. In the event Purchaser elects Rejection, Consignor shall refund any sales proceeds paid to Consignor by Keeneland and pay Purchaser and Keeneland all proper expenses and legal fees incurred by either of them, including interest thereon at the rate of 12% per annum, from the time of sale until the return of the horse to the Consignor. Proper expenses include, but are not limited to, such items as the $1,000 testing fee per test, veterinarian charges, vanning, insurance and boarding. Purchaser shall be required to exercise due care during the Rejection period in maintaining and boarding the horse. In the event of a Positive Test, risk of loss shall remain with Purchaser from the close of the sale of the horse until Consignor has been notified of Purchaser’s election of Rejection, at which time risk of loss passes back to the prior owner, notwithstanding any other provision of these Conditions of Sale. Further, Purchaser shall not cause the horse to be materially altered during the Rejection period. Keeneland will give notice of the results of such tests to Consignor and Purchaser as soon as practicable after receipt of the results from the testing laboratory which is anticipated to be within 10 days from date of sale. No other testing by Purchaser shall be allowed to support any claim by Purchaser concerning the presence of Medication in violation of these Conditions of Sale.  In addition, neither Purchaser nor Consignor shall have the right nor shall Keeneland have any obligation to conduct testing of a split sample. Keeneland’s decision concerning whether there is a Positive Test, as long as same is supported by the testing laboratory selected by Keeneland, shall, absent fraud or bad faith, be fully binding upon Consignor, Purchaser and all other interested parties. In the event that any party challenges Keeneland’s exercise of discretion, such party shall be liable for all of Keeneland’s reasonable expenses, including, without limitation, its attorneys’ fees incurred in defending the challenge, unless fraud or bad faith on the part of Keeneland is finally determined by a court of competent jurisdiction from which no further appeal can or will be taken. 

TWELFTH

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HORSES IN TRAINING: Horse in Training is defined as a horse of racing age (which excludes all broodmares, broodmare prospects, stallions and stallion prospects that are not to be raced) which at the time of sale, shall have been in a training program for not less than ninety (90) consecutive days prior to sale. A “Two-Year Old in Training” is defined as a two-year-old which at the time of sale shall have been in a training program for not less than ninety (90) consecutive days prior to sale. Any Horse in Training or Two-Year Old in Training (1) which has been nerved; (2) is currently on the Starter’s, Steward’s or veterinarian’s list at a licensed racecourse; or (3) is officially designated as a “bleeder” must be so announced at the time of sale OR in lieu of announcement at the time of sale, must be so disclosed by placing a statement with a description and/or a veterinary certificate in the Repository (see Condition TWENTY-FIRST) on a timely basis as required by Keeneland reasonably disclosing that one or more of the conditions are applicable. If an announcement or disclosure in the Repository of a circumstance as provided in (1), (2) or (3) of this Condition TWELFTH is not made, Purchaser shall have the right to request Rejection, subject to the provisions of these Conditions. If Rejection is requested by Purchaser on the basis of noncompliance with items (1), (2), or (3) of this Condition TWELFTH with respect to a Horse in Training or Two-Year-Old in Training, Purchaser must give written notice to Keeneland within fourteen (14) days of the sale of the horse and Keeneland shall conduct such investigation as it deems appropriate and determine whether either items (1), (2), or (3) is applicable, and if so, the sale shall be cancelled, the horse returned and payment refunded. Keeneland’s decision shall be determinative and binding upon Seller, Consignor and Purchaser.

Further, Consignor agrees to place in the Repository five (5) days prior to the sale a disclosure statement for Two-Year-Olds in Training and Horses in Training, which shall be updated daily until the horse is sold, signed by a duly licensed veterinarian, which provides a listing of all medications and treatments, including dosage, administered to each Two-Year-Old in Training and Horse in Training in Consignor’s consignment within fourteen (14) days of sale.  

Any Two-Year-Old in Training or Horse in Training which has an injury or disease of the bone structure which, in the opinion of a veterinarian, would more likely than not materially and adversely affect its suitability for training and racing must be so disclosed by placing a radiograph or a veterinary certificate in the Repository (see Condition TWENTY-FIRST) on a timely basis as required by Keeneland reasonably disclosing such condition is applicable.

Notice Requirements.

With regard the a Two-Year-Old in Training or Horse in Training which has an injury or disease of the bone structure which, in the opinion of a veterinarian, would more likely than not materially and adversely affect its suitability for training and racing, Purchaser may elect Rejection only upon complying with the following: (i) written statement from Purchaser requesting Rejection must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours after the session in which the horse is sold and before the horse leaves the grounds where the horse was located when sold, (ii) radiographs of the subject horse must be taken within twenty-four (24) hours after the session in which the horse is sold and before the horse leaves the grounds where the horse was located when sold, and (iii) copies of the radiographs together with Purchaser’s veterinary certificate (“Negative Certificate”) containing the opinion of Purchaser’s veterinarian describing in detail the specific defect on which the claim is based and that such defect, in the opinion of the certifying veterinarian will, more likely than not, materially and adversely affect the horse’s suitability for training and racing.

In the event Radiographs placed in the Repository do not reasonably reveal the defect described in the Negative Certificate, Consignor shall either accept Rejection or deliver to Keeneland Consignor’s veterinary certificate contrary to that of Purchaser (“Positive Certificate”). The Positive Certificate must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours of Consignor’s receipt of the Negative Certificate. In the event of a receipt by Keeneland of a Negative and Positive Certificate within the timeframes set forth herein, Keeneland will provide Consignor and Purchaser with a list of a minimum of five (5) veterinarians and a Panel of three (3) veterinarians shall be convened in the same manner as provided for in Condition TENTH. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser acknowledge that the selection process is fair and reasonable to each of them.

The Panel shall determine, based upon such examination(s) that each Panel member determines appropriate to support their respective decisions, whether the horse has an injury to or disease of the bone structure which will, more likely than not, materially and adversely affect its suitability for training and racing, which was not reasonably revealed on the Repository radiographs, and in that event the sale shall be Rejected. Otherwise, the sale shall stand. The decision of the Panel shall be final, binding and conclusive on all parties, absent fraud or bad faith. If the Panel is not unanimous, a majority vote shall be determinative. Consignor shall have the sole responsibility concerning the accuracy of the disclosures/announcements. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to such announcements/disclosures and all agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred by either of them relating to such announcement/disclosures.

The limited right of Rejection contained in this Condition shall terminate regardless of whether twenty-four (24) hours have elapsed, immediately upon the removal of the horse from the grounds where the horse was located when sold, or use of the horse “under tack” (which includes lunging horses and horses being ponied). Consignor shall have the sole responsibility concerning the accuracy of the disclosures/announcements. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to such announcements/disclosures and all agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred by either of them relating to such announcement/disclosures.

THIRTEENTH

MEDICATION CONDITIONS: Consignor for himself and all Sellers and others interested in any horse being sold agrees and acknowledges that Keeneland has the right, in its sole discretion, to conduct drug tests upon any horse entered by Consignor in this sale and Consignor hereby gives Keeneland’s representative(s) access to the horse necessary to obtain samples (including, without limitation, urine, blood, hair or other samples) for testing as said representative(s) deems appropriate, in his sole discretion. In addition to testing elected by Purchaser pursuant to Condition ELEVENTH, Keeneland shall have the sole discretion as to when and from which horse said random samples shall be collected, the selection of the methodology of the testing as well as the classifications of drugs to be tested and shall further have the sole discretion as to the selection of the veterinarian(s), laboratory(ies) and other expert(s) who will conduct the testing and interpret the results.

NSAIDs

No more thaan one (1) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ("NSAIDs") shall be administered to a horse within twenty-four (24) hours prior to the beginning of the session in which the horse is to be sold. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no NSAID shall be administered within twenty-four (24) hours prior to an under tack performance or sale of a Two-Year-Old in Trainingor Horse in Training (as defined herein)

Corticosteroids

No more than one (1) corticosteroid shall be administered within fourteen (14) days prior to the sale of a horse.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, no corticosteroid shall be administered within fourteen (14) days prior to an under tack performance or sale of a Two-Year-Old in Trainingor Horse in Training (as defined herein).

Kentucky Rules of Racing.

No medication or substance which is prohibited under the rules of racing as adopted in the Commonwealth of Kentucky by the Kentucky Racing Commission shall be administered at any time.  The detection of a detectable concentration of any such prohibited substance in a post-sale sample of blood, urine, hair or any combination of blood, urine or hair in a Two-Year-Old in Training or Horse in Training (as defined herein) shall constitute a violation of this rule.  

Bronchodilator (including Clenbuterol).

No bronchodilator (including without limitation Clenbuterol) shall be administered within 90 days of the sale. 

FOURTEENTH

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR BROODMARES: Each broodmare in this sale shall be offered with veterinary certificate provided by the Consignor in conformity with standards established by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (A.A.E.P.), showing her to be either (1) pregnant, in the opinion of the examining veterinarian, based on appropriate examination within ten (10) days prior to the date of sale, or (2) not pregnant, but suitable for mating in the opinion of the examining veterinarian based upon appropriate examination within ten (10) days prior to the date of sale. It is further agreed that the Purchaser may have any broodmare examined by a veterinarian before the broodmare is removed from the grounds where the horse was located when sold and within twenty-four (24) hours after the end of the session in which the broodmare was sold. If the Purchaser’s veterinarian finds the broodmare not to be as certified and if the Consignor’s veterinarian continues to disagree, then Keeneland will appoint a third veterinarian to arbitrate the parties’ dispute (the “Third Party Veterinarian”). The certificate of Third Party Veterinarian shall be final, binding and conclusive upon Consignor, Purchaser and all other parties absent fraud or bad faith. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser acknowledge that having Keeneland appoint the Third Party Veterinarian is fair and reasonable to each of them.

If the broodmare is found to be not as certified, pursuant to the above procedures, the Purchaser may elect Rejection and the broodmare may be returned to the Consignor as unsold. If she is found to be pregnant, when sold as not pregnant, the Purchaser may, as stated above, elect Rejection or may accept the sale, but in that event should the Purchaser choose to register the resulting foal with The Jockey Club, the Purchaser shall pay the applicable stud fee, plus any applicable Kentucky sales tax, prior to having any rights to the Stallion Service Certificate relating to the resulting foal. If she is found to be as certified, the Purchaser shall be required to complete the purchase. In all of the above events, the Consignor shall be liable for the commission as if sold.

Consignors who have actual knowledge that the broodmare has, within the last two years, undergone either (i) a caesarean section delivering a fetus, or (ii) surgery involving the cervix, or (iii) an urethral extension, or (iv) the removal of an ovary, must be so announced at the time of sale or in lieu of such announcement, must be disclosed by placing a veterinary certificate in the Repository (Condition TWENTY-FIRST) on a timely basis as required by Keeneland, reasonably disclosing that one or more of the above conditions are applicable. Consignor shall have the sole responsibility concerning the accuracy of the disclosures/announcements and both Consignor and Purchaser agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to such announcements/disclosures and both agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred by either of them relating to such announcements/disclosures. Any horse whose condition is as aforesaid and is not so announced or disclosed in the Repository as required above will be subject to Rejection and return to Consignor with refund of purchase price, and all proper expenses, fees and interest as provided in Condition NINTH, provided that Keeneland is so notified in writing by a veterinary certificate of such condition, and the Rejection on the above grounds shall be within fourteen (14) days from the day of sale. Purchaser shall have the same rights and duties regarding Rejection as provided in the right of Rejection section found in Condition NINTH.

For purposes of Condition FOURTEENTH, Keeneland has adopted the following terms and standards recommended by the A.A.E.P.:

Pregnant. Any filly or mare shall be characterized as “pregnant” if a practitioner has examined such animal for pregnancy at 42 days or more post mating during the applicable year and such examination indicated that such filly or mare was pregnant. Any report based on an examination at less than 42 days post mating should indicate the pregnancy status of the animal as well as the number of days post mating that the examination was performed. Accordingly, a report from a positive pregnancy exam at 42 or more days post mating indicates the filly or mare is “pregnant” without further comment. The results of a positive pregnancy determination prior to 42 days should be indicated in a manner showing the applicable number of days such as “pregnant----41 days.”

Aborted. Any filly or mare that is not pregnant at the time of examination should be reported as “aborted” rather than “not pregnant” if the person rendering the report is actually aware that (a) an aborted fetus was observed or (b) the mare had been declared “pregnant” based on an examination at 42 days or more post mating.

Not Pregnant. Any filly or mare that has been mated, examined for pregnancy, and found not pregnant at 42 days or more post mating during a specified year should be characterized as “not pregnant” unless such filly or mare has “aborted” as defined above. Any filly or mare that has been mated, examined for pregnancy and found not pregnant prior to 42 days post mating should be indicated in a manner showing applicable number of days such as “not pregnant---41 days.” Any filly or mare determined to be pregnant prior to 42 days post mating and later found to be not pregnant should be characterized as “not pregnant” rather than “aborted” unless the examiner has knowledge that an aborted fetus was observed.

Suitable for Mating. Any filly or mare that is not pregnant at the time of examination shall be characterized as “suitable for mating” if a palpation per rectum of the ovaries, uterus and cervix, and speculum examination of the cervix and vagina does not reveal significant abnormalities that would indicate that the filly or mare is not reproductively within reasonably normal limits. A filly or mare that is “pregnant” or “pregnant __________days” at the time of examination, as determined by a palpation per rectum, shall be characterized as “suitable for mating” without further tests or examinations. Any reproductive examination or statement that a filly or mare is “suitable for mating” thus only indicates either (a) the results of the above-referenced palpation per rectum and speculum examination on the date performed or (b) the filly or mare was found to be “pregnant” or “pregnant -- __________ days” and does not reflect the examiner’s opinion of the future ability or inability of a particular filly or mare to conceive and deliver a live foal. There are many other tests or criteria that might be utilized to estimate the likelihood of a successful mating; however, a statement that a mare is “suitable for mating” shall not indicate any tests have been completed other than those specifically referenced above. Moreover, a filly or mare may be characterized as “suitable for mating” based on only one examination even though more than one examination might enhance the likelihood of discovering reproductive abnormalities.

Mating. The physical act of a stallion mounting a filly or mare with intromission of the penis and ejaculation. Artificial insemination qualifies as mating for breeds that permit artificial insemination.

Mated. Any filly or mare that has undergone the physical act of mating but whose pregnancy status has never been determined.

Not Mated. Any filly or mare that has not undergone the physical act of mating by any stallion during a specified year.

TERMINATION OF RIGHTS: Any contractual agreements between the Seller of broodmares listed herein for sale and the owner of a stallion at time of breeding do not follow the sale of the broodmare unless otherwise announced at time of sale. The contractual right or option to any stallion to which a broodmare has been bred does not go with the broodmare nor does any possible refund of any stallion service fees accompany the broodmare unless otherwise announced at time of sale.

FIFTEENTH

PAYMENT OF EXPENSES; RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES; WAIVER OF HEARING PROCEDURE; HOLD THE KEENELAND PARTIES HARMLESS:

For all dispute resolutions as provided in these Conditions of Sale, expenses of the Panel, arbitrator or

Third Party Veterinarian, as applicable, and the Keeneland Parties shall be the responsibility of the non-prevailing party. Consignor shall be solely responsible for expenses incurred by him, including his veterinarian, and Purchaser shall be solely responsible for expenses incurred by him, including his veterinarian. During the period of determining whether the sale shall be Rejected, the horse shall be at the risk of the party who does not prevail. Boarding of the horse during this period shall be arranged by Keeneland with the cost of same to be borne by the non-prevailing party.

All dispute resolutions shall be conducted in Lexington, Kentucky, and the final determination of the Panel, arbitrator or Third Party Veterinarian, as applicable, shall be in writing and signed by the Panel members, arbitrator, or Third Party Veterinarian making or joining in the determination, as applicable.

The parties acknowledge that they expressly waive any requirement that the Panel or the Third Party Veterinarian, as applicable, conduct a hearing and the parties further waive any right they may have to participate in any dispute resolution procedure other than as provided in these Conditions of Sale. All parties further acknowledge the Panel may be conducted, if deemed feasible in Keeneland’s discretion, in a manner which does not reveal the identity of the parties involved and/or the identity of the horse(s) at issue.

Time is of the essence for all matters as set forth in this and all other Conditions of Sale.

All parties acknowledge that only the conditions set forth in these Conditions of Sale will allow Rejection and that Rejection hereunder shall be Purchaser’s sole and exclusive remedy. In all other respects the AS IS nature of this sale remains in full force and effect.

Other than those disputes which are subject to binding resolution as set forth in these Conditions of Sale, for all such other disputes among Seller, Consignor, Purchaser and/or the Keeneland Partiesarising out of this sale, including but not limited to, any dispute arising under these Conditions of Sale regarding any alleged defect or nonconformity or breach of warranty of fitness, as may be provided herein, of any horse sold, all interested parties agree that the Keeneland Parties may seek judicial resolution of such dispute and shall be reimbursed for its reasonable costs and expenses, including interest and attorneys’ fees, pending determination thereof.

In addition, if no party is willing to take possession of the horse which is the subject matter of the controversy, all interested parties agree that Keeneland may take all such steps as it deems advisable in the maintenance and care of such horse, including, without limitation, board, veterinary care, and any other reasonable expenditures such as insurance coverage. Furthermore, Keeneland shall have the sole discretionary right, but shall be under no obligation, to sell the horse in controversy at any sale, public or private, and upon such terms and conditions as Keeneland may deem appropriate. Keeneland has the sole discretion as to making any Announcements concerning the condition of the horse prior to such sale. Such sale may be made, within the sole and exclusive discretion of Keeneland, with or without notice to the Seller, Consignor or Purchaser. All such costs and expenses shall bear interest at the rate of 12% per annum, and Keeneland shall be reimbursed for same, costs and expenses plus interest thereon, by the party ultimately determined to be the owner of the horse in controversy. In the event the subject horse should be resold, all parties agree that Keeneland shall be reimbursed first for any expenses it has incurred in the care of such horse and for its legal expenses with the balance, if any, to be paid to the Consignor.

Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless for any deficiency or loss the Seller, Consignor and/or Purchaser may incur upon the resale of such horse in the event Keeneland is unable to resell the horse for an amount equal to or greater than the original purchase price.

SIXTEENTH

REGISTRATION CERTIFICATES: The Registration Certificate for each horse sold must be furnished by the Consignor prior to the sale. Keeneland will withhold settlement for all sales, until all Registration

Certificates have been delivered to Keeneland. Keeneland will also withhold settlement of broodmares until the Consignor delivers to Keeneland the stallion service certificate required by The Jockey Club in registering foals.

Keeneland reserves the right to withhold delivery of all registration papers for all horses either bought by a Purchaser OR returned to Consignor (in the event of either a withdrawal fee or a chargeback commission) until such time as the  Purchaser’s or Consignor’s account with Keeneland shall have been paid in full. Further, in addition to all other rights and remedies, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, all parties acknowledge Keeneland has the right to set off, without further notice to Purchaser or Consignor, and apply funds held by it to satisfy payments owed to Keeneland by Purchaser or Consignor until such time as Purchaser’s or Consignor’s account with Keeneland shall have been paid in full.  In order to secure payment of the purchase price or sales commission, Seller, Purchaser and Consignor hereby grant Keeneland a security interest and lien upon the subject horse or horses (and proceeds and progeny thereof), together with all registration certificates and stallion service certificates (including without limitation digital certificate(s)) relating thereto.

SEVENTEENTH

CATALOGUE; RESERVES; ANNOUNCEMENTS: The accuracy of all information on the catalogue page(s) (digital or print) is the sole responsibility of the Consignor. Consignor shall have the affirmative duty to examine the catalogue page(s) (digital and print), on which horses consigned by him appear, prior to sale and report any inaccuracies to Keeneland so that it may make an appropriate announcement prior to sale. All such announcements must be provided to Keeneland in writing,  no later than thirty minutes prior to the commencement of the sale. Keeneland has the sole discretion as to whether to make any such announcements if received after such deadline, or to scratch the horse from the sale. While certain information may have been procured by Keeneland from third parties on behalf of Consignor, it is nonetheless solely the responsibility of Consignor to verify the accuracy of such information and to notify Keeneland of any corrections prior to sale. Stakes engagements, pregnancy status and all other information so listed are as represented by the Consignor, to whom the Purchaser shall look exclusively for redress in case of errors or omissions. Information provided concerning foaling place (by state or county) does not insure eligibility to races restricted to horses bred and/or foaled in that particular state nor does it insure the eligibility of any horse for any awards program sponsored by any state or other entity. Notwithstanding any remedies the Purchaser may have as against the Consignor, in the event of an inaccuracy or mis-description of any horse listed in this catalogue (digital or print)(including, without limitation, the wrong identity), Purchaser agrees that Purchaser’s sole remedy as against Keeneland, if Purchaser has any remedy against the Keeneland Parties, shall be liquidated damages in the amount of a refund of the commission earned by Keeneland, which shall only be applicable upon return of the subject horse, and Purchaser shall have no other remedy as against Keeneland arising out of any such inaccuracy or mis-description of such horse in the catalogue (digital or print). In the event Keeneland is nevertheless required to refund the purchase price to Purchaser, Keeneland may recover said purchase price from Consignor, if same has been paid by Keeneland to Consignor.  

Consignor and Purchaser agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless for any loss incurred by either Consignor, Purchaser or any third party as a result of (a) Keeneland’s failure to make such announcement or (b) incorrect announcements made.

EIGHTEENTH

RIGHT OF EXCLUSION/BID REFUSAL: Keeneland specifically reserves its common law right to exclude any persons whomsoever from the auction area and all lands owned or controlled by Keeneland. Notwithstanding any contrary provision(s) of these Conditions of Sale, if any, Keeneland further reserves the right to refuse to accept and/or reject and/or ignore any bid(s) from any persons(s) whomsoever, even if credit has been approved or even if payment is tendered or believed to be forthcoming. Provided, however, such exclusion and such refusal to bid(s) shall not be made on the basis of race, creed, color, national origin, sex, political affiliation or beliefs. By accepting the license granted to the public by Keeneland to attend the sales, each individual likewise agrees to be bound by this Condition of Sale.

NINETEENTH

AGENTS: Persons acting as Agents for Principals, irrespective of whether the Principal is in attendance or otherwise participating

in the sale, must file letters of authorization from the Principal(s) stating that the Agent is acting on their behalf and that said Principal will be responsible for Agent sales or purchases. Failure to comply with this Condition of Sale will result in the Agent being deemed to be a co-obligor with the Principal with respect to all matters in connection with or arising out of the sale and impose joint and several personal liability upon such Agent for any breach of contract. 

All persons acting as Agents for Principal(s) also are responsible for ensuring that the Principal makes settlement for the full purchase price for each horse purchased not later than twenty-four (24) hours from the close of the sale. By bidding on a horse, a person acting as Agent agrees to be personally liable with the Principal, for the full purchase price of the horse purchased if the Principal does not make settlement for the full purchase price within twenty-four (24) hours from the close of the sale. 

TWENTIETH

DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED DUTIES: Keeneland shall endeavor to protect the interests of both Consignor and Purchaser, but the duties and obligations of the Keeneland Parties to such persons shall be strictly limited to those expressly imposed upon Keeneland by these Conditions of Sale. All other duties and obligations, including fiduciary and other duties which might otherwise be imposed upon Keeneland by operation of law, are hereby expressly disclaimed, except that Keeneland shall be required to exercise that standard of care generally exercised by other comparable horse auction companies.

TWENTY-FIRST

INSPECTION (INCLUDING THE REPOSITORY): All Purchasers shall inspect fully each horse that they may purchase. As provided in the Conditions of Sale and otherwise, Purchasers are accepting any horse purchased with all defects except those conditions and defects specifically warranted by Keeneland’s Conditions of Sale. Purchasers that fail or refuse to inspect for any reason, including a lack of opportunity for inspection, purchase the horse at their own risk. Purchasers acknowledge presale exams may be conducted by physically viewing the horse, if available, by video, by photos, or through an agent. Purchasers further acknowledge that if the presale exam is insufficient as determined in the sole discretion of the Purchaser, said prospective Purchaser shall not bid on the horse.

It shall be the sole responsibility of the Purchaser to determine the sufficiency, quality and completeness of the available inspection; however, full inspection shall include a review of all Repository information for each horse. Repository information shall include without limitation all radiographs placed in the Repository and all information placed by Consignor in the Repository.

Keeneland will not review the Repository information, and makes no warranty or assurance of any kind concerning the authenticity, sufficiency, quality, completeness or accuracy of the Repository information, all of which shall be the responsibility of the Consignor. Knowledge of the Repository information therefore shall not be imputed to Keeneland.

Purchasers will be charged with knowledge of any defect that is or should be revealed by a reasonable inspection, including any defect that is or should be revealed by a review of the Repository information, with the exception of the Consignors’ warranties per Condition NINTH (cribbers and ridglings only) and Condition TENTH (upper respiratory, laryngoscopic evaluation). Those limited warranties remain effective as more fully provided for and stated in Conditions NINTH and TENTH, unless Announcement is made by the auctioneer in conjunction with the sale of the horse in question. With respect to Condition TWELFTH (injury or disease of bone structure for Two-Year-Olds in Training and Horses in Training only), any defect which will, more likely than not, materially and adversely affect the horse’s suitability for training and racing, that appears on radiographs taken within 24 hours after the session in which the horse is sold and taken before the horse leaves the grounds where the horse was located when sold, which does not appear on the radiographs filed in the Repository prior to the sale, is subject to dispute resolution as provided in Condition TENTH which may result in a Rejection of the sale, return of the horse to the Consignor and a refund of the purchase price.

The presence or use of the Repository shall not change any of these Conditions of Sale, which shall continue to be binding upon all parties, nor does it create any additional express or implied warranties.

In the event Consignor elects to place information in the Repository for any sale conducted by Keeneland, Consignor warrants that Consignor has deposited in the Repository all of the required views mandated by Keeneland. Consignor further warrants the authenticity and validity of the views, and Consignor further warrants that radiographs submitted to the Repository were taken within 21 days prior to the horse selling. 

Consignor warrants the accuracy, validity and authenticity in all material respects of the Repository information placed by Consignor in the Repository.

In the event it should be determined that Consignor has placed views in the Repository that are not authentic and valid, and/or information in the Repository that is not accurate, valid or authentic in all material respects and which is deemed to be materially misleading regarding the condition of the horse, then the sale is subject to Rejection at the option of Purchaser only upon complying with the time requirements and process set forth herein. Time is of the essence. 

A Purchaser may elect Rejection only upon complying with the following: (i) written statement from Purchaser requesting Rejection must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours after the session in which the horse is sold and before the horse leaves the grounds where the horse was located when sold, and (ii) Purchaser’s veterinary certificate (“Negative Certificate”) must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours after the session in which the horse is sold and before the horse leaves the grounds where the horse was located when sold  containing the opinion of Purchaser’s veterinarian describing in detail the specific information that causes the Repository information not to be accurate, valid or authentic in all material respects and materially misleading regarding the condition of the horse.  In the event of a Negative Certificate, Consignor shall either accept Rejection or deliver to Keeneland Consignor’s veterinary certificate contrary to that of Purchaser (“Positive Certificate”). The Positive Certificate must be received by Keeneland within twenty-four (24) hours of Consignor’s receipt of the Negative Certificate.

In the event of a receipt by Keeneland of a Negative and Positive Certificate, Keeneland will provide Consignor and Purchaser with a list of a minimum of five (5) veterinarians and a Panel of three (3) veterinarians shall be convened in the same manner as provided for in Condition TENTH. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser acknowledge that the selection process is fair and reasonable to each of them. 

The Panel shall determine, based upon the information in the Repository whether there are facts and circumstances that cause the Repository information not to be accurate, valid or authentic in all material respects and materially misleading regarding the condition of the horse. In the event the Panel determines, based upon such examination(s), that there are facts and circumstances that cause the Repository information not to be accurate, valid or authentic in all material respects and such information is deemed to be materially misleading regarding the condition of the horse, the sale shall be cancelled. Otherwise, the sale shall stand. The decision of the Panel shall be final, binding and conclusive on all parties, absent fraud or bad faith. If the Panel is not unanimous, a majority vote shall be determinative. Keeneland will not provide the Panel with information regarding the hip number or the name of the Purchaser or Consignor involved in the sale of the horse.

In the event of Rejection, Consignor shall (i) refund the purchase price to Purchaser together with any proper and reasonable expenses incurred by Purchaser including interest at the rate of 12% per annum; (ii) pay Keeneland’s entry fees and commission as if the sale had been final; and (iii) reimburse Keeneland for any reasonable expenses incurred by Keeneland including without limitation attorneys’ fees.  Further, if Keeneland determines, in its sole discretion, that Consignor has deliberately and knowingly either placed incorrect information in, or omitted material information from, the Repository which is deemed to be materially misleading regarding the condition of the horse, Keeneland may elect, in its sole discretion, to impose sanctions against Consignor which may include, without limitation, prohibiting Consignor from selling horses at future sales.

The limited right of Rejection contained in this Condition shall terminate regardless of whether twenty-four (24) hours have elapsed, immediately upon the removal of the horse from the grounds where the horse was located when sold, or use of the horse “under tack” (which includes lunging horses and horses being ponied). Consignor shall have the sole responsibility concerning the accuracy of the disclosures/announcements. Seller, Consignor and Purchaser agree that the Keeneland Parties are absolved from any liability relating to such announcements/disclosures and all agree to hold the Keeneland Parties harmless from any loss incurred by either of them relating to such announcement/disclosures.

All items, including radiographs, placed by Consignor in the Repository are the sole property of Consignor (or the Consignor’s veterinarian) and Consignor shall have the right to receive all such items and information back 48 hours after the end of the session at which the horse in question was sold. However, Keeneland may elect to hold such items on behalf of Consignor in the event a dispute arises concerning these Conditions of Sale and will return the items to Consignor upon the resolution of the dispute. Further, Keeneland may permit the Purchaser to receive such items only if Consignor has agreed to permit the Purchaser to receive such items or information. In the event Consignor fails to pick up the items and information contained in the Repository within 30 days after the end of this Sale, Keeneland may elect to notify the Consignor (and/or the Consignor’s veterinarian, if known) of Keeneland’s intent to destroy or otherwise dispose of said Repository information 10 days after notice from Keeneland of its intent to take such action and Keeneland shall be held harmless by Consignor for any losses or expenses incurred as a result of Keeneland’s disposition of the items contained in the Repository.

TWENTY-SECOND

OWNERSHIP DISCLOSURE. The accurate ownership of horses in this sale is encouraged, but not required, to be disclosed by Consignors and/or Sellers. 

If there was a disclosure of ownership of a horse in this sale made in the catalogue (digital or print), a change in ownership, as defined below and including a fractional interest therein greater than 10%, from the time of being catalogued until the time the horse is sold at auction is required to be disclosed by written disclosure to Keeneland of such change in ownership. The party to whom ownership is transferred is not required to be disclosed.

In the event that a change in ownership occurs within two (2) days of the sale, regardless of whether there was a prior disclosure of ownership made in the catalogue (digital or print), the Seller and/or Consignor shall disclose to Keeneland in writing that a change in ownership has occurred, and an announcement disclosing that a change of ownership has occurred shall be made by the auctioneer prior to the sale of the horse.

In the event Seller or Consignor discloses information regarding ownership of a horse in the sales catalogue (digital or print), the party placing such information warrants that the information is materially accurate. The Consignor shall not be responsible for materially inaccurate information supplied to Consignor by Seller, including, without limitation, information regarding change in ownership of a horse required to be disclosed to Keeneland as provided herein, as long as Consignor does not have actual knowledge that the information is materially inaccurate or of the change in ownership. Information regarding ownership interest of 10% or less shall not be deemed material, and change in ownership of 10% or less shall therefore not be deemed a change in ownership for purposes of this Condition.

TWENTY-THIRD

MERGER OF AGREEMENT; CONSTRUCTION: The Consignor, Seller or Keeneland may have made oral statements or published advertisements concerning the physical condition or the racing abilities of the horses described in this catalogue (digital or print) or this sale generally. Such statements or advertisements do not constitute warranties, shall not be relied upon by the Purchasers and are not part of the contract for sale. The entire contract of sale is embodied in these Conditions of Sale, the Acknowledgement of Purchase and the Security Agreement, and the Authorization to Bid request (if any). These aforementioned documents constitute the final expression of the parties’ agreement, and are a complete and exclusive statement of that agreement. Any attempt on the part of the Purchaser to unilaterally alter or modify these Conditions of Sale by making changes on the Acknowledgment of Purchase and Security Agreement is prohibited and shall be invalid and unenforceable. Notwithstanding the above, the Seller, Consignor and Purchaser may enter into an agreement which modifies the limited warranties as provided herein; however, any such action by the Seller, Consignor and Purchaser cannot and shall not modify or alter the duties, responsibilities and rights of Keeneland as provided in these Conditions of Sale and the Consignor’s Contract. The word “or” when used herein shall be used in the inclusive sense of “and/or”.

TWENTY-FOURTH

LIMITATIONS OF ACTION: Any cause of action arising out of the purchase and sale of any horse, or interest therein at this sale, whether it is based in contract or tort, shall be commenced in not more than one year after the sale. Provided, however, this limitation of action shall not apply to an action for the recovery from the Purchaser of the purchase price, plus interest and expenses, and including repossession of any horses purchased at this sale.

TWENTY-FIFTH

GOVERNING LAWS; VENUE AND JURISDICTION; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL: The laws of the Commonwealth of Kentucky shall govern the construction of these Conditions of Sale and the rights, remedies and duties of the parties hereto. In the event of any litigation arising out of these Conditions of Sale or the transactions contemplated hereby, the parties agree that any action or suit shall be brought in a court of record in the County of Fayette, Commonwealth of Kentucky, or in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, and the parties hereby consent to the venue and jurisdiction of such courts. The Seller, Consignor, Purchaser and the Keeneland Parties and their respective Agents, voluntarily and intentionally waive any right that they may have to a trial by jury in respect to any litigation arising from or connected with this Sale.

TWENTY-SIXTH

PRIVACY POLICY. The information Keeneland collects and its use policies are set forth in more detail in Keeneland’s Privacy Policy, available at https://www.keeneland.com/about/privacy-policy, which is fully incorporated into these Conditions of Sale by reference. To the extent there is any conflict between these Conditions of Sale and Keeneland’s Privacy Policy, these Conditions of Sale govern.